Ada beberapa istilah yang sering kita jumpai khusus di bulan Ramadan atau bulan puasa, seperti sahur, imsak, ngabuburit, dan lain sebagainya. Artikel ini menyajikan istilah-istilah yang sering ada dalam bulan Ramadan dalam bahasa Inggris.
Sebelumnya, kita harus tahu apa itu Ramadan sendiri. Kata Ramadan berasal dari akar kata bahasa Arab yaitu ‘ramiḍa’ atau ‘ar-ramaḍ”, yang berarti panas yang menghanguskan atau kekeringan. Di bahasa Indonesia sendiri banyak yang salah menuliskan kata Ramadan menjadi Ramadhan dengan penambahan ‘h’ di tengah. Ramadan dalam kbbi memiliki arti bulan ke-9 tahun Hijriah (29 atau 30 hari), pada bulan ini orang Islam diwajibkan berpuasa.
Setelah tahu arti Ramadan itu sendiri apa, berikut istilah-istilah yang sering kita temui di bulan Ramadan atau bulan puasa dalam bahasa Inggris.
1. Puasa = fast (verb)/ fasting (noun)
a. Muslims fast during Ramadan.
[Umat muslim puasa selama Ramadan.]
b. Fasting during Ramadan.
[Puasa selama Ramadan.]
2. Buka puasa = break your fast atau fast breaking
a. We should first break your fast with something sweet.
[Pertama-tama kita harus buka puasa dengan yang manis.]
3. Sahur = pre-dawn meal/ suhoor, sahur, atau sehri
a. The benefits of predawn meal.
4. Ngabuburit = killing time before magrib/ passing time before magrib
a. We usually kill time before magrib in mosque.
[Kita biasa ngabuburit di masjid.]
5. Bayar puasa/ mengqadha hutang puasa = make up the fast
a. If a woman do not fast because they have an excuse, then they have to make up the missed fasts.
[Jika seorang wanita tidak berpuasa karena mereka punya alasan, maka mereka harus menqadha puasa-puasa yang terlewatkan.]
6. Subuh = dawn prayer
7. Magrib = dusk prayer/ Maghreb
8. Mudik/ pulang kampung = lebaran homecoming
a. Homecoming is a tradition in visiting one’s family during Idul Fitri in Indonesia.
[Mudik adalah tradisi mengunjungi keluarga saat Idul Fitri di Indonesia. ]
9. THR – tunjangan hari raya = lebaran bonus
a. In Indonesia Idul Fitri has a legally mandated salary bonus for all employees.
[Di Indonesia Idul Fitri ada THR yang dimandatkan secara hukum untuk semua karyawan.]
10. Ziarah makam = visiting graves
a. Visiting graves during Ramadan becomes tradition in Indonesia.
[Ziarah makam selama Ramadan menjadi tradisi di Indonesia.]
11. Halal bihalal = forgiving each other
12. Mohon maaf lahir dan batin = Forgive me for any mistakes I have made against you. atau Forgive me from the bottom of my heart for my wrongdoings.
Selamat menjalankan ibadah puasa 😀
source : https://belajarbahasa.id/artikel/dokumen/369-istilah-istilah-pada-bulan-ramadan-dalam-bahasa-inggris-2017-06-02-04-43
There are more than 7000 languages in this world. First is the most used languages is Mandarin language, the next is Spain Language, and the third is English Language.
But, what is the origin of the language and why language can be varied, why the name of meatball is “bakso” ?, Why the name of apple is “apel” ?, And why everything in this world according to their names ?. Based of Noam Chomsky, Language appear in 60.000 – 100.000 years ago on Africa, and before that we as a human only able to communicate as we can, by speak and gesture. Than our brain has evolved and by the time we can understand on complicate thing, and we have started to give name to something. So after that, we start to think something on one construction, for example “apple” and “tree” and the we’ve combined it to be a construction is “apple tree”, and that words begin to a structure than be a n origin of the language.
Than our curiosity had been started on Egyptian era, started by the king of ancient Egypt, Psammetichus, how dare he had instructed imprisoning two babies in different cages. After 2 years they had started to speak on same word is “Bekos” from Phyrgian language, that the meaning is “Bread”. So, the result of that experiment, they conclude that the mother of language is “Phyrgian” because can be spelled by a baby without have to teach it.
So, why the language can be varied? Because of culture isolation, in sum, our ancestor immigrated to around the world to find the source of food. Than our ancestor dissevered each other than made a new language that be adapted on nature condition, food, and creature that live around them. This isolation that cause why every place have a different language. Especially in Indonesian geography has many islands, made human that live Indonesia progressively isolated that because we have a unique language.
And then, if our ancestor meet to another ancestor, their language blends on the technical language is “Super Language”. That’s why long distance factor can be influence that language, for example like as neighboring countries have similar word because they adapted each other. Different like Spain language and mandarin language which are not similar at all. And finally we know why the language can be formed and can be varied, even though the origin of language it’s still being debated and studied. So you must learn more about language because language science is a difficult language too.